Nitric Acid MSDS
Nitric acid is a chemical substance in liquid state. Highly toxic for humans, the substance must be handled, stored and transported with great care. In order to properly manage all tasks involving this substance it is compulsory to read (at least once) and apply the regulations detailed in the nitric acid MSDS, a document which includes all the necessary information for a safe handling, storage and transport. Read below for a compact list of precautions and safety measures exposed in the nitric acid MSDS.
Nitric Acid MSDS/Properties
Nitric acid is a transparent, slightly yellowish liquid. It has an acrid, disagreeable smell which can become choking after prolonged exposure. Soluble in hot and cold water, the substance is not flammable and presents minimum risks of explosion. Nitric acid MSDS reports that the substance burns in the presence of combustible materials, while in combination with organic products, metals and alkalis it can provoke explosions.
Handing, Storage and Transportation Measures
According to the nitric acid MSDS, the substance must be kept in well ventilated spaces, away from any source of fire or flame, isolated from any incompatible substances and away from any source of heat. The containers must not be made of glass or metal and direct solar exposure is prohibited.
When handling the substance, smoking and food consumption are not allowed. The handlers must wear special equipment which prohibits inhalation, ingestion and substance’s contact with skin or eyes. Eyeglasses, neoprene gloves, boots and breathing apparatus are recommended by nitric acid MDSD for safety handling.
The storage code for the substance is white.
The transportation can only be performed in special conditions and with proper inscriptions of the vehicles.
Human Health Hazards
The nitric acid can penetrate the human body through skin absorption, eye contact, ingestion (extremely hazardous) and inhalation (slightly hazardous). In case of eye contact, the nitric acid MSDS recommends removing any contact lens (if wearing) and flushing water for at least 15 minutes. In case of skin contact, remove contaminated clothing and wash the area with cold water for at least 15 minutes, then cover the area in emollient cream.
Disinfectant soap and anti-microbial cream can be used in severe skin contamination. For mild forms of inhalation, the nitric acid MSDS recommends exposure to open air and removing all breathing obstacles (collars, ties, waistbands or belts). Severe cases may need artificial breathing and oxygen administration. If the substance is swallowed, do not provoke vomiting unless specified by medical personnel. For any of the above mentioned situations, medical assistance is recommended immediately.
Potential Health Effects on Animals
The nitric acid MSDS does not report any particular effects on animals, although it is recommended to keep animals (terrestrial and marines) away from any contamination with this substance.
Accidental spills may have negative effects on the environment. According to nitric acid MSDS, short term degradation products are not frequent or likely to appear. It is possible however for the long term degradation products to arise. These degradation products are not as toxic as the substance itself (nitric acid msds).
For more information click here.